SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development

SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
The University of Melbourne
Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development
Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
Released: Friday 5th of April, 9:00am
Due: Friday 19th of April, 7:00pm
Updated 8th of April
Overview
Welcome to the first project for SWEN20003! We will be using the Slick library for Java, which
can be found at http://slick.ninjacave.com/. Week 5’s workshop introduces Slick, so refer to
the tutorial sheet if you have trouble getting started. This is an individual project. You may
discuss it with other students, but all of the implementation must be your own work.
Project 2 will extend and build on Project 1 to create a complete game, so it’s important to
write your submission so that it can be easily extended. Below is a screenshot of the game after
completing Project 1.
This early version of Shadow Build includes a large tile-based map to explore, and a scouting
unit that can be moved around the map. Only a small portion of the map surrounding the scout
is shown at any given time.
1
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
The game
Below I will outline the different game elements you need to implement.
The tile map
The game’s background is tile-based. Each tile is 64 pixels wide and 64 pixels high, and the
background is built from a collection of these tiles.
Slick has some built-in objects and methods to handle this. You should use the documentation
for the TiledMap class to understand how to use the assets/main.tmx file to create and draw the
background map.
Tiles can have properties. To find the property associated with a given coordinate, you should
first find the tile ID corresponding to that location. Tiled maps can have several layers, but the
map you will be using has only one layer (index 0). Once you have found the ID, you can find the
corresponding property.
The tiled map you will be using has only one property: solid. This can have the value true,
indicating that the tile should not be moved through, or false, indicating the tile can be moved
through.
The player
The main character of the game is the player, represented by the image
For now, the player simply moves around the screen. When the user right clicks on the screen, the
player should move in a straight line towards the location of the click at a rate of 0.25 pixels per
millisecond. When the player is within 0.25 pixels of their destination, they should stop moving.
If the player would move into a solid tile, the player should instead stop moving.
Some hints for calculating movement
You will need to use some trigonometry to calculate the correct movement in each frame. We
recommend using the Math.atan2 function, which will give you the angle from (0,0) to the position
described by its arguments, respecting quadrants correctly.
The camera
The tiled map is far too large to fit on the screen all at once. You should therefore only show a
subset of it, defined to be 1024×768 pixels. This should be handled by an abstract \camera”, which
stores which part of the map is currently in view. The camera should be able to move so that the
player stays in the middle of the screen, unless the player moves close to an edge of the map.
2
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
If the player moves close to an edge, the camera should stop moving once there is no more map
left to view. In this way, the player should never be able to move off the map.
The \how” of this functionality is up to you. We recommend using a class to store the relevant
data, and calculate transformations from screen coordinates to world (map) coordinates.
Slick concepts
This section aims to clarify some common mistaken assumptions students make about the Slick
engine, as well as to outline some important concepts.
A Slick game works according to the game loop. Dozens of times each second, a frame of the
game is processed. In a frame, the following happens:
1. The game is updated by calling the update() method. The number of milliseconds since
the last frame is passed as the argument delta; this value can be used to make sure objects
move at the same speed no matter how fast the game is running.
2. The game is rendered by calling the render() method. To do this, the entire screen is
cleared so it displays only black; that way, no images from the previous frame can be seen.
Images can only be drawn inside this method.
The number of frames that are processed each second is called the frames per second, or FPS.
Different computers will likely have a different value for FPS. Therefore, it is important to make
sure your update() method works the same way regardless of this value.
In Slick, positions are given as pairs of (x; y) coordinates called pixels. Note that (0; 0) is the
top-left of the window; the y direction is therefore the opposite of what you may be used to from
mathematics studies. Keep in mind that while only integer locations can be rendered, it may make
sense to store positions as floating-point values. For the purposes of this document, positions are
given from the centre of the image.
A terminology note: an image with a defined position in the world that can move around or perform
some other action is often called a sprite.
Your code
The skeleton we have provided has these three classes.
• App { The outer layer of the game. Inherits from Slick’s BasicGame class. Starts up the
game, handles the update and render methods, and passes them along to World.
• World { Represents everything in the game, including the background and all sprites. For
now, this is just the tiled map and the player.
• Camera { Represents the subset of the world that can actually be viewed. It should be able
to follow a particular sprite, so that different sections of the world can be viewed at different
times. This class may need to do some calculations on behalf of other classes.
3
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
You will likely find that creating more classes will make the project easier. This decision is up to
you as a software engineer! Make sure your code follows object-oriented principles like abstraction
and encapsulation.
Implementation checklist
This project may seem daunting. As there are a lot of things you need to implement, we have
provided a checklist, ordered roughly in the order we think you should implement them in:
1. Draw the tiled map on the screen
2. Draw the player on the screen
3. Allow the player to move around the screen
4. Prevent the player from moving through solid tiles
5. Allow the camera to follow the player
The supplied package
You will be given a package, oosd-project1-package.zip, which contains all of the graphics and
other files you need to build the game. You can use these in any way you want. Here is a brief
summary of its contents:
• src/ { The supplied source code.
{ App.java { A complete class which starts up the game and handles input and rendering.
{ World.java { A file with stub methods for you to fill in.
{ Camera.java { A file with stub methods for you to fill in.
• assets/ { The images for the game.
{ credit.txt { The source for each of the images included.
{ main.tmx { The tiled map data.
{ planet.tsx { The image data for the tiled map. You do not need to explicitly use this
file.
{ scout.png { The image for the player character.
4
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
Submission and marking
Technical requirements
• The program must be written in the Java programming language.
• The program must not depend upon any libraries other than the Java standard library and
the Slick library.
• The program must compile fully without errors.
Submission will take place through the LMS. Please zip your project folder in its entirety, and
submit this .zip file. Do not submit a .rar, .7z, .tar.gz, or any other type of compressed
folder. Especially do not submit one of these files that has simply been renamed to have a .zip
extension, as then we will be unable to open your file.1
Ensure all your code is contained in this folder. We will provide a link on the LMS to the appropriate
submission page closer to the due date.
Good Coding Style
Good coding style is a contentious issue; however, we will be marking your code based on the
following criteria:
• You should not go back and comment your code after the fact. You should be commenting
as you go.
• You should be taking care to ensure proper use of visibility modifiers. Unless you have a very
good reason for it, all instance variables should be private.
• Any constant should be defined as a static final variable. Don’t use magic numbers!
• Think about whether your code makes assumptions about things that are likely to change for
Project 2.
• Make sure each class makes sense as a cohesive whole. A class should contain all of the data
and methods relevant to its purpose.
Extensions and late submissions
If you need an extension for the project, please email Eleanor at mcmurtrye@unimelb.edu.au
explaining your situation with some supporting documentation (medical certificate, academic adjustment plan, wedding invitation). If an extension has been granted, you may submit via the LMS
as usual; please do however email Eleanor once you have submitted your project.
The project is due at 7:00pm sharp. Any submissions received past this time (from 7:01pm
onwards) will be considered late unless an extension has been granted. There will be no exceptions.
There is a penalty of 1 mark for a late project, plus an additional 1 mark per 24 hours. If you submit
late, you must email Eleanor with your student ID so that we can ensure your late submission is
marked correctly.
1This may sound ridiculous, but it has happened several times in the past!
5
SWEN20003 Object Oriented Software Development Project 1, Semester 1, 2019
Marks
Project 1 is worth 8 marks out of the total 100 for the subject.
• Features implemented correctly { 4 marks
{ Map is drawn correctly: 1 mark
{ Player moves correctly: 1 mark
{ Camera follows player: 1 mark
{ Player cannot move through solid tiles: 1 mark
• Code (coding style, documentation, good object-oriented principles) { 4 marks
{ Delegation { breaking the code down into appropriate classes (1 mark)
{ Use of methods { avoiding repeated code and overly complex methods (1 mark)
{ Cohesion { classes are complete units that contain all their data (1 mark)
{ Code style { visibility modifiers, consistent indentation, lack of magic numbers, commenting (1 mark)
6

Leave a Reply